Sixty-Five Years of the U.S. Plant Patent Act (PPA)

Has the PPA Benefitted Society? The PPA's Relevance for the South.

RAFI examines plant utility patents granted by the US Patent and Trademark Office from 1985 through mid-1995. Utility plant patenting is a threat to world food security; exceedingly broad patents on biological materials and the processes used to manipulate them are "locking up" new plant biotechnologies in the hands of a small number of corporations.

AttachmentSize
PDF icon Download File0 bytes

Please consider supporting ETC's unique research and advocacy with a tax-deductibe donation. Donate here