Pyrethrum & Biotechnologie-Nutzpflanze:Chrysanthemen
Recent Content Related to Genomics & Biotechnology
Genetic engineers are using the toxic protein of the bacteria, Bacillus thuringiensis, to develop insecticidal plants and new, more effectve biocontrols for agriculture.
Schwerpunkt: Bacillus Thuringiensis
It is more than a year since the Dag Hammarskjöld Seminar at Bogève and in Geneva. We have tried our best to retain the spirit of those important discussions while updating the information. The pace of technical, political and corporate change makes both the data and the analysis something of a moving target. No doubt we have sometimes missed our mark.
Bio-synthesis of indigo dye (primarily used for coloring denim jeans). Biological production of indigo dye has potential to eliminate chemical production in USA, Germany and Japan. May result in process which is less energy intensive and more environmentally sound.
Genetic modification of vegetable oil.
All major vegetable oils will be affected.
The report focuses on oil palm
Agricultural inputs (seeds, pesticides, fertilizers) are undergoing majore corporate and technological change.
The use of genetic engineering to make plants tolerant of the damaging effects of herbicides.
The development of high-yielding cacao varieties could lead to overproduction and jeopardize prize and stability of cacao-producing countries while shifting production from small-scale producers to large-scale plantations, the use of biotechnology to convert low-priced oils into cacao butter could drastically reduce the demand and price for cacao beans.
Issue: The use of biotechnology to produce the intensely sweet thaumatin protein.
Plant: Thaumatin is derived from a fruit of a West-African rain forest shrub.
Countries affected: Product will be marketed as a low-calorie sweetener in Europe, Japan, USA
Impact: In combination with other newly developed sweeteners, these products offer the potential to erode traditional sugar markets
Issue: Natural vanilla production via tissue culture technology.
Crop: Vanilla planifolia - the commercially important species of Vanilla orchis
Countries affected: Madagascar, Comoros islands, Reunion, Indonesia
Impact: possible loss of $67 million in annual export earnings.
Product: Bovine Growth Hormone (BGH) or Bovine Somatotropin (BST)
Purpose: Designed to dramatically increase milk production in dairy cattle
Counties affected: USA and Europe initially
Impact: Drop in milk prices, loss of 25-30% of dairy farmers, changes in cropping patterns, narrowing of genetic base of dairy cattle