Semences et diversité génétique

Nom

Seeds & Genetic Diversity

For more than 30 years, ETC Group (first as RAFI) has monitored technologies and corporate mergers & acquisitions (M&As) related to seeds, the first link in the food chain. Throughout the 1970s, we witnessed petrochemical and pharmaceutical companies (e.g., Royal Dutch/Shell, Occidental Petroleum, Ciba-Geigy, Union Carbide, Upjohn Pharmaceutical) scoop up thousands of small, family-owned seed companies. By the 1980s, a “life industry” had emerged – seeds, agrochemicals, pharmaceuticals (both livestock and human) – which became all the more entangled by the development and commercialisation of proprietary biotechnologies (genetic engineering). Corporate concentration in the commercial seed sector meant a dramatic loss of genetic diversity as companies offered only the most profitable lines of seeds for sale and abandoned the rest. Intellectual property regimes (primarily patents and Plant Breeders’ Rights) soon extended to all biological products and processes, and further rewarded uniformity. With the privatisation of plant breeding, public breeding programs withered, reinforcing corporate consolidation in the seed and agrochemical industry.  The late 1990s brought the development of seed sterilization technologies (a. k. a. Terminator), intended to restrict farmers' right to save and replant seed. Today, the world's 10 biggest seed companies control almost three-quarters of the commercial seed market.

 

Nouvelles et rapports sur Semences et diversité génétique

Vingt ans après les semences-suicide, la société civile se mobilise en Egypte cette semaine pour parer aux suites de ces transgènes : le forçage génétique 22 nov 2018
Le mouvement mondial pour l’alimentation et l’agriculture dit NON à l’utilisation du forçage génétique. 22 nov 2018
de sombres inversions ou des données massives ? 15 oct 2018
Comment les firmes qui dominent le marché sont devenues trop lourdes, trop pesantes pour pouvoir alimenter l’Humanité de façon durable ? 22 aoû 2018
La biologie synthétique et l'agriculture intelligente face au climat 9 fév 2016
Une étude de cas 9 oct 2014
La chaîne alimentaire industrielle ou le réseau paysan? 22 mai 2014
Une comparaison entre les systèmes alimentaires industriel et paysan 7 mai 2014